- 2 months ago
Dog vaccination Australia
Vaccination has revolutionised control of infectious disease in our pets. Dog vaccination Australia is essential in keeping our dog population safe as a whole.
Responsible pet care requires puppies to be given their initial course of vaccinations, but this cannot protect them for the rest of their lives.
Adult dogs require regular vaccination to maintain immunity against disease.
Your vet will likely offer a 'Puppy Information Sheet', which will outline the appropriate vaccination protocol for your puppy or dog. You can also learn more about vaccinations at Puppy Pre-Schools which are run by vets Australia-wide.
Puppy Vaccination - C7 dog vaccination
Puppies are ‘temporarily’ protected against many diseases by antibodies received through their mother’s milk. These maternal antibodies decline in the first few months of their lives, however until they drop sufficiently they can also neutralise vaccines.
This is why a series of vaccinations is necessary in a puppy.
The best protection for your puppy is called a C7 vaccination - it provides cover against every component that we vaccinate again, and your puppy is protected against Canine Cough components 5 times quicker.
Adult Dog Vaccination
The immunity from puppy vaccination weakens over time and your dog can again become susceptible to disease.
Annual health checks and booster vaccinations will provide the best protection for the life of your pet.
Parvo is an especially deadly disease in Australia that all unvaccinated dogs are susceptible to.
After Vaccination Care
Following vaccination your dog may be off-colour for a day or two, or have some slight swelling or tenderness at the injection site.
Access to food and water and a comfortable area to rest are usually all that is required for a quick recovery.
However, if the response seems more severe, you should contact your vet immediately for advice.
Give your vet a call to discuss a suitable vaccination regime for your pet puppy or dog.
Dog diseases (common) to vaccinate against
Below is a list of common dog diseases to vaccinate against.
Canine parvovirus is a disease that affects dogs of all ages but is most serious in young pups and older dogs. The virus attacks the intestines causing bloodstained diarrhoea, uncontrollable vomiting and severe abdominal pain. Dogs often die from severe dehydration despite intensive veterinary care. Unfortunately, there have been an increasing number of parvo outbreaks in the wider metro area around Perth.
It is not necessary to have direct contact with other dogs for the disease to be spread. The virus is so persistent that the infected dog’s environment needs to be cleaned with a potent disinfectant to prevent spread to other dogs. Outbreaks occur regularly throughout Australia, especially in summer. Us humans are also able to bring the virus into our pets environments, by having infected soil on our shoes, our clothes coming into contact with infected dogs or environmental factors, and other contact related areas.
Canine distemper is a highly contagious viral disease that can affect dogs of any age with young puppies being at highest risk.
Symptoms vary but can include fever, coughing, sneezing, nasal discharge, vomiting, diarrhoea, loss of appetite and depression. Muscle tremors, fits and paralysis usually occur later in the disease. Treatment is usually ineffective and the recovery rate very low. Dogs that do recover may have permanent brain damage.
Canine hepatitis is a viral disease which, like distemper is extremely contagious and often fatal. Dogs of any age can become infected, however severe cases are rare in dogs over two years of age.
Symptoms include high fever, depression, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhoea and acute abdominal pain. In severe cases death can occur within 24 to 36 hours. Dogs that recover may develop long term liver and kidney problems and can act as carriers spreading the disease to other dogs for many months.
Canine cough is a condition produced by several highly infectious diseases, which can be easily spread wherever dogs congregate, such as parks, shows, obedience schools and boarding kennels. Among the infectious agents associated with canine cough is the bacterium known as Bordetella bronchiseptica and the canine viruses parainfluenza, adenovirus type 2 and distemper.
Affected dogs have a dry hacking cough which can persist for several weeks. It is distressing for pet dogs and their owners. It is a major problem for working and sporting dogs.
Pneumonia can also be a consequence of canine cough infection.
Canine coronavirus is another contagious virus and causes depression, loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhoea especially in young dogs.
Diarrhoea may last for several days in some cases. Although most dogs will recover with treatment, coronavirus has the potential to be fatal, especially if other infectious agents such as parvovirus are present.
Canine leptospirosis is a serious disease risk in some areas and can cause high death rates. It is spread by the urine of rats and is usually transmitted to dogs by contaminated food and water, or by rat bites.
There’s an increased risk where high rat populations exist such as rubbish dumps or green sugar cane cutting areas. Incidence can also increase after long periods of wet weather, when rat populations are forced to move or concentrate. Leptospirosis is an animal disease that can be passed to humans who may then suffer a persisting “flu like” illness.
What's the difference between C3 and C5 vaccinations?
The C3 dog vaccination will offer your dog protection against parvovirus (parvo), distemper, and hepatitus viruses.
The C5 dog vaccination will offer the same protection but in addition provide protection against kennel cough.
If your dog will regularly come into contact with other dogs, even on walks to the park, but particularly if they will spend time in boarding kennels, day care, or puppy school, then it is recommended you opt for the C5 dog vaccination.
Your vet will elaborate further and advise you which vaccine is required in your sitation.
What is the C4 dog vaccination (Protech C4)
The C4 dog vaccination (also referred to as Protech C4) is the first dose vaccine for your puppy. It will offer your dog protection against distemper, parvovirus, adenovirus type 1 and type 2, and parainfluenza.
The C4 dog vaccine can also be called the 4 in 1 vaccine or shot.
"Dog vaccination Australia", written by Jenny M.